NEW ⇒ 

Amundsen, A. B., ed. ARV Nordic Yearbook of Folklore, Vol. 68. The Royal Gustavus Adolphus Academy, 2012.

McKean, Thomas A., ed. The Flowering Thorn: International Ballad Studies. Utah State UP, 2003.

2 Ballad Histories, Critical Studies, and References

Abrahams, R. D., and George Foss. Anglo-American Folksong Style. Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1968.

Abrams, M. H. A Glossary of Literary Terms5th ed. Fort Worth, 1985.

Abrams, M. H. The Mirror and the Lamp: Romantic Theory and the Critical Tradition. Oxford, 1953.

Abrams, M. H. Natural Supernaturalism: Tradition and Revolution in Romantic LiteratureNew York, 1971.

(Addison, Joseph)-Friedman, Albert B. “Addison’s Ballad Papers and the Reaction to Metaphysical Wit”. Comparative Literature 12 (1960): 1-13.

(Addison, Joseph)-McCutcheon, Roger P. “Another Burlesque of Addison’s Ballad Criticism”. Studies in Philology 23 (1926): 451-56.

Amundsen, A. B., ed. ARV Nordic Yearbook of Folklore, Vol. 68. The Royal Gustavus Adolphus Academy, 2012.

Angeletti, G. “Scottish Eccentrics: The Tradition of Otherness in Scottish Poetry from Hogg to MacDiarmid”. 2 vols. Glasgow U(Ph. D), 1997.

Armstrong, Isobel. Victorian Poetry: Poetry, Poetics and Politics. London, 1993.

Armstrong, Isobel, and Virginia Blain, eds. Women’s Poetry in the Enlightenment: The Making of a Canon, 1730-1820. London, 1999.

Ashley, Bob, ed. Reading Popular Narrative. 1989; London, 1997.

Barkan, Leonard. The Gods Made Flesh: Metamorphosis & the Pursuit of Paganism. New Haven, 1986.

Bate, W. J. From Classic to Romantic: Premises of Taste in Eighteenth-Century England. Cambridge, MA, 1946.

Bateson, F. W. English Poetry and the English Language. 3rd. ed. Oxford, 1973.

Beers, Henry A. A History of English Romanticism in the Eighteenth Century. 1898; New York, 1966.

Bertelsen, Lance. The Nonsense Club: Literature and Popular Culture, 1749-1764Oxford, 1986.

Blackie, John Stuart. Scottish Song: Its Wealth, Wisdom, and Social Significance. Edinburgh, 1889.

Bloom, Clive. Jacobean Poetry and Prose: Rhetoric, Representation and the Popular Imagination. London, 1988.

Bluestein, Gene. The Voice of the Folk: Folklore and American Literary Theory. Amherst, MA, 1972.

Bold, Alan. The Ballad. London, 1979.

Booth, Wayne C. A Rhetoric of Irony. Chicago, 1974.

Brack, O. M. Jr., ed. Writers, Books, and Trade: An Eighteenth-Century English Miscellany for William B. Todd. New York, 1994.

Brander, Michael. Scottish and Border Battles and Ballads. London, 1975.

Brewer, Derek. English Gothic Literature. London, 1983.

Briggs, K. M. A Dictionary of British Folk-Tales. 4 vols. London, 1970-71.

Brooks, Cleanth. A Shaping Joy: Studies in the Writer's Craft. London, 1971.

Brooks, Cleanth, and Robert Penn Warren. Understanding Poetry. 3rd ed. New York, 1960.

Brown, Calvin S. Music and Literature: A Companion of the Arts. Hanover, 1987.

Brown, Harry, and John Milstead. Patterns in Poetry. Glenview, IL, 1968.

Brown, Mary Ellen.  “Balladry: A Vernacular Poetic Resource”.  The Edinburgh History of Scottish Literature.  Edinburgh UP, 2007.

Brown, Mary Ellen.  “Placed, Replaced, or Misplaced?: The Ballads’ Progress”.  Eighteenth Century: Theory and Interpretation. 47: 2-3 (Summer-Fall 2006) 115-29.

Buchan, David. The Ballad and the Folk. London, 1972.

Buchanan, Robert. Ballads of Life, Love, and Humour. London, 1882.

Burnham, J. M. “A Study of Thomas of Erceldoune”. PMLA 23 (1908): 375-420.

(Burns, Robert)-Hazlitt, William. “Lecture VII: On Burns, and the Old English Ballads” (Lectures on the English Poets). Vol. 2 of The Selected Writings of William Hazlitt. Ed. Duncan Wu. London, 1998.

(Burns, Robert)-Low, Donald A. “Burns and the Traditional Ballad”. Studies in Scottish Literature 26 (1991): 536-42.

(Burns, Robert)-Snyder, F. B. “Notes on Burns and the Popular Ballads”. Journal of English and Germanic Philology 17 (1918): 281-88.

Bush, Douglas. English Poetry: The Main Currents from Chaucer to the Present. 2nd. ed. London, 1965.

Bush, Douglas. “English Translations of Homer”. PMLA 41 (1926): 335-41.

Butt, John. English Literature in the mid-Eighteenth Century. Oxford, 1979.

Buxton, John. A Tradition of Poetry. London, 1967.

(Byron, George Gordon)-Hudson, A. P. “Byron and the Ballad”. Studies in Philology 42 (1945): 594-608.

Calder, Angus. Revolving Culture: Notes from the Scottish Republic. London, 1994.

Cameron, David Kerr. The Ballad and the Plough: A Portrait of the Life of the Old Scottish Farmtouns. 1978; London, 1979.

Chambers, E. K. English Literature at the Close of the Middle Ages. Vol. 2, part 2 of The Oxford History of English Literature. 12 vols. Ed. F. P. Wilson and Bonamy Dobrée. 1945; Oxford, 1948.

Chambers, Robert. The Romantic Scottish Ballads: Their Epoch and Authorship. 1849; Norwood, PA, 1979.

Chambers, Robert, ed. A Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen. 1874-75. Rev. by the Rev. Thomas Thomson, with a supplement continuing The Biographies to the Present Time. Bristol, 1996.

Christophersen, Paul. The Ballad of Sir Aldinger: Its Origin and Analogues. Oxford, 1952.

Clery, E. J., and Robert Miles, eds. Gothic Documents: A Sourcebook 1700-1820. Manchester, 2000.

Coffin, Tristram P.  “Mary Hamilton and the Anglo-American Ballad as an Art Form”.  Journal of American Folklore 70 (1957): 208-14.

Coffin, T. P., and Roger de V. Renwick. The British Traditional Ballad in North America. Rev. ed. Austin, 1977.

(Coleridge, S. T.)-Coffin, Tristram P. “Coleridge’s Use of the Ballad Stanza in ‘The Rime of the Ancient Mariner’”. Modern Language Quarterly 12 (1951): 437-45.

(Coleridge, S. T.)-Fulmer, O. Bryan. “The Ancient Mariner and the Wandering Jew”. Studies in Philology 66 (1969): 797-815.

(Coleridge, S. T.)-Tuttle, Donald Reuel. “Christabel Sources in Percy’s Reliques and the Gothic Romance”. PMLA 53 (1938): 445-74.

Courthope, W. J. A History of English Poetry. 6 vols. New York, 1962.

Cowan, Edward J., ed. The People’s Past: Scottish Folk ・ Scottish History. Edinburgh, 1980.

Cowl, R. P. The Theory of Poetry in England: Its Development in Doctrines and Ideas from the Sixteenth Century to the Nineteenth Century. New York, 1970.

Cregeen, Eric, & D. W. MacKenzie. Tiree Bards and Their Bardachd: The Poets in Hebridean Community. Argyll, 1978.

Daiches, David, ed. A Companion to Scottish Culture. London, 1981.

Day-Lewis, C. The Lyric Impulse. Cambridge, MA, 1965.

Donald, Diana. The Age of Caricature: Satirical Prints in the Reign of George III. New Haven, 1996.

Donaldson, Gordon, and Robert S. Morpeth. A Dictionary of Scottish History. Edinburgh, 1977.

Dugaw, Dianne. “The Popular Marketing of “Old Ballads”: The Ballad Revival and Eighteenth-Century Antiquarianism Reconsidered”. Eighteenth-Century Studies (Fall, 1987) 21-1: 71-90.

Ellman, Richard, and Charles Feidelson, eds. The Modern Tradition: Backgrounds of Modern Literature. Oxford, 1965.

Entwistle, William J. European Balladry. 1939; Oxford, 1951.

Entwistle, William J. “Notation for Ballad Melodies”. PMLA 55 (1940): 61-72.

Fairchild, Hoxie N. Religious Trends in English Poetry. New York, 1957.

Fairchild, Hoxie N. “The Romantic Movement in England”. PMLA 55 (1940): 20-26.

Finlay, Alec. “Hamish Henderson and the Modern Folksong Revival”. Studies in Scottish Literature 30 (1998) 219-34.

Finnegan, Ruth. Oral Poetry: Its Nature, Significance, and Social Context. Cambridge, 1977.

Ford, Boris, ed. From Dryden to Johnson. Rev. ed. Harmondsworth, 1982. Vol. 4 of The Pelican Guide to English Literature.

Forsythe, R. S. “Modern Imitations of the Popular Ballad”. Journal of English and Germanic Philology 13 (1914): 88-97.

Fowler, D. C. A Literary History of the Popular Ballad. Durham, NC, 1968.

Friedman, Albert B. The Ballad Revival: Studies in the Influence of Popular on Sophisticated Poetry. Chicago, 1961.

Gerould, Gordon Hall. “The Ballad of The Bitter Withy”. PMLA 23 (1908): 141-67.

Gerould, Gordon Hall. The Ballad of Tradition. Oxford, 1932.

Graham, Henry Grey. Scottish Men of Letters in the Eighteenth Century. London, 1901.

Graves, Robert. The English Ballad: A Short Critical Survey. 1927; London, 1970.

Grierson, Herbert, and J. C. Smith. A Critical History of English Poetry. 1944; Harmondsworth, 1962.

Groom, Nick.  The Making of Percy’s Reliques. Oxford, 1999.

Groom, Nick. “Celts, Goths, and the Nature of the Literary Source”. Tradition in Transition: Women Writers, Marginal Texts, and the Eighteenth-Century Canon. Ed. Alvaro Ribeiro and James G. Basker. Oxford, 1996.

Gummere, F. B. “Chapter XVII ‘Ballad’”. Vol. 2 of The Cambridge History of English Literature. Ed. A. W. Ward and A. R. Waller. 1908; Cambridge, 1932.

Gunnyon, William. Illustrations of Scottish History, Life, and Superstition from Song and Ballad. London, 1877.

Harris, Joseph, ed. The Ballad and Oral Literature. Cambridge, MA, 1991.

Hart, Walter Morris. Ballad and Epic: A Study in the Development of the Narrative Art. 1907; New York, 1967.

Hart, Walter Morris. “Professor Child and the Ballad”. PMLA 21 (1906): 755-807.

Haywood, Ian. The Making of History: A Study of the Literary Forgeries of James Macpherson and Thomas Chatterton in relation to Eighteenth-Century Ideas of History and Fiction. London, 1986.

Hendren, J. W. A Study of Ballad Rhythm: With Special Reference to Ballad Music. 1936; New York, 1966.

Hodgart, M. J. C. The Ballads. 1950; New York, 1962.

Holt, J. C. Robin Hood. London, 1982.

Hooker, Edward Niles. “The Discussion of Taste, from 1750 to 1770, and the New Trends in Literary Criticism”. PMLA 49 (1934): 577-92.

(Housman, A. E)-Haber, Tom Burns. “The Influence of the Ballads in Housman’s Poetry”. Studies in Philology 39 (1942): 118-29.

Hustvedt, S. B. Ballad Books and Ballad Men: Raids and Rescues in Britain, America, and the Scandinavian North since 1800. 1930; New York, 1970.

Hustvedt, S. B, ed. Ballad Criticism in Scandinavia and Great Britain during the Eighteenth Century. 1916; New York, 1971.

Irving, David. The History of Scotish Poetry. Ed. John Aitken Carlyle. Edinburgh, 1861.

James, Louis, ed. English Popular Literature 1819-1851. With an introduction and commentary. New York, 1976.

Jobes, Gertrude. Dictionary of Mythology, Folklore and Symbols. 2 vols. New York, 1962.

Ker, W. P. Epic and Romance: Essays on Medieval Literature. 1908; New York, 1957.

Ker, W. P. Form and Style in Poetry: Lectures and Notes. Ed. R. W. Chambers. 1928; London, 1966.

Ker, W. P. Medieval English Literature. 1912; Oxford, 1945.

Kermode, Frank. Romantic Image. 1957; New York, 1986.

Kinsley, James, ed. Scottish Poetry: A Critical Survey. London, 1955.

Kroeber, Karl. Romantic Narrative Art. Madison, 1966.

Laws, Jr., G. Malcolm. American Balladry from British Broadsides: A Guide for Students and Collectors of Traditional Song. Philadelphia, 1957.
Lawsが採用した分類番号(アルファベットと数字の組み合わせ)は Laws number と呼ばれ、アメリカン・バラッドの分類・整理に利用されている。

Laws, Jr., G. Malcolm. The British Literary Ballad: A Study in Poetic Imitation. Carbondale, 1972.

Leach, M., ed. The Standard Dictionary of Folklore, Mythology, and Legend. 2 vols. New York, 1949.

Leach, M., and T. P. Coffin, eds. The Critics and the Ballad. Carbondale, 1961.

Leavis, F. R. Revaluation: Tradition and Development in English Poetry. London, 1936.

Legouis, Émile, and Louis Cazamian. A History of English Literature. 1926-27; London, rev. 1971.

Lloyd, A. L. Folk Song in England. 1967; London, 1969.

Londsdale, Roger, ed. Dryden to Johnson. 1971.Rev. ed. 1986; Harmondsworth, 1993. Vol. 4 of The Penguin History of Literature.

Low, Donald A. “Burns and the Traditional Ballad”. Studies in Scottish Literature 26 (1991) 536-42.

Lowes, John Livingston. The Road to Xanadu: A Study in the Ways of the Imagination. 1927; London, 1978.

Lyle, E. B., ed. Ballad Studies. Totowa, NJ, 1976.

Mackenzie, Agnes Mure. An Historical Survey of Scottish Literature to 1714. London, 1933.

Mackie, J. D. A History of Scotland. 2nd. ed. rev. and ed. by Bruce Lenman and Geoffrey Parker. Harmondsworth, 1978.

McLane, Maureen N. Balladeering, Minstrelsy, and the Making of British Romantic Poetry. Cambridge UP, 2008.

McLane, Maureen N.  “The Figure Minstrelsy Makes: Poetry and Historicity”.  Critical Inquiry 29 (2003): 429-52.

MacQueen, John. Progress and Poetry. Vol. 1 of The Enlightenment and Scottish Literature. Edinburgh, 1982.

Maple, Eric. Superstition and the Superstitious. New York, 1972.

Marr, Andrew. The Battle for Scotland. Harmondsworth, 1992.

Martinengo-Cesaresco, Countess Evelyn. Essays in the Study of Folk-Songs. London, 1886.

Matchett, William H. “The Integrity of ‘Sir Patrick Spence’”. Modern Philology 68 (1970): 25-30.

McAlpine, Kaye. “The Gallows and the Stake: A Consideration of Fact and Fiction in the Scottish Ballads”. Stirling U(Ph. D), 1995.

McCarthy, William Bernard. The Ballad Matrix: Personality, Milieu, and the Oral Tradition. Bloomington, 1990.

M’Dowall, William. Among the Old Scotch Minstrels, studying their Ballads of War, Love, Social Life, Folklore and Fairyland. Edinburgh, 1888.

McKean, Thomas A., ed. The Flowering Thorn: International Ballad Studies. Utah State UP, 2003.

Moore, Arthur K. “The Literary Status of the English Popular Ballad”. Comparative Literature 10 (1958): 1-20.

Muir, Edwin. The Estate of Poetry. London, 1962.

Muir, Edwin. Scottish Journey. Introduction by T. C. Smout. 1935; Edinburgh: Mainstream Publishing, 1979.

Muir, Willa. Living with Ballads. London, 1965.

Murphy, Rosalie, ed. Contemporary Poets. With a preface by C. Day-Lewis. London, 1970.

Nagler, M. N. Spontaneity and Tradition: A Study in the Oral Art of Homer. Berkeley, Los Angeles, 1974.

Neuburg, Victor E. Popular Literature: A History and Guide from the Beginning of Printing to the Year 1897. Harmondsworth, 1977.

Odell, George Clinton Densmore. Simile and Metaphor in the English and Scottish Ballads. 1892; Norwood, PA, 1979.

O’Neill, Michael. Literature of the Romantic Period: A Bibliographical Guide. Oxford, 1998.

Palmer, Roy. A Ballad History of England from 1588 to the Present Day. London, 1979.

Peck, John, and Martin Coyle. Literary Terms and Criticism. 2nd ed. London, 1993.

(Percy, Thomas)-Bate, Walter Jackson. “Percy’s Use of His Folio-Manuscript”. Journal of English and Germanic Philology 43 (1944): 337-48.

(Percy, Thomas)-Churchill, Irving L. “William Shenstone’s Share in the Preparation of Percy’s Reliques”. PMLA 51 (1936): 960-74.

(Percy, Thomas)-Clark, Jr., Robert T. “Herder, Percy, and the Song of Songs”. PMLA 61 (1946): 1087-100. -Davis, Bertram H. Thomas Percy. Boston, 1981.

(Percy, Thomas)-Clark, Jr., Robert T. Thomas Percy: A Scholar-Cleric in the Age of Johnson. Philadelphia, 1989.

(Percy, Thomas)-Dennis, Leah. “Percy’s Essay ‘On the Ancient Metrical Romances’”. PMLA 49 (1934): 81-97.

(Percy, Thomas)-Dennis, Leah. “Thomas Percy: Antiquarian vs. Man of Taste”. PMLA 57 (1942): 140-54.

(Percy, Thomas)-Donatelli, Joseph. “The Percy Manuscript: A Seventeenth-Century Context for Medieval Poetry”. English Manuscript Studies 1100-1700. Vol. 4. Ed. Peter Beal & Jeremy Griggiths. London, 1993.

(Percy, Thomas)-Friedman, Albert B. “The First Draft of Percy’s Reliques”. PMLA 69 (1954): 1233-49.

(Percy, Thomas)-Friedman, Albert B. “Percy’s Folio Manuscript Revalued”. Journal of English and Germanic Philology 53 (1954): 524-31.

(Percy, Thomas)-McAdam, Jr., E. L. “Johnson, Percy, and Warton”. PMLA 70 (1955): 1203-04.

(Percy, Thomas)-Shepard, Leslie. “The Finding of the Percy Folio Manuscript: A Claim of Prior Discovery”. Notes and Queries. New Series 14: 11 (1967): 415-16.

(Percy, Thomas)-Sutherland, Kathryn. “The Native Poet: The Influence of Percy’s Minstrel from Beattie to Wordsworth”. Review of English Studies 33 (1982): 414-33.

Pollard, Arthur, ed. The Victorians. 1969; Harmondsworth, 1993. Vol. 6 of The Penguin History of Literature.

Pound, Louise. “The English Ballads and the Church”. PMLA 35 (1920): 161-88.

Pound, Louise. “On the Dating of the English and Scottish Ballads”. PMLA 47 (1932): 10-16.

Pound, Louise. Poetic Origins and the Ballad. 1921; New York, 1962.

Pound, Louise. “The Term ‘Communal’”. PMLA 34 (1919): 440-54.

Powicke, Sir Maurice. The Thirteenth Century 1216-1307. 2nd. ed. Oxford, 1962. Vol. 4 of The Oxford History of England.

Prickett, Stephen, ed. The Romantics. London, 1981.

Punter, David, ed. A Companion to the Gothic. Oxford, 2000.

Quiller-Couch, Arthur. Studies in Literature. 1st series. 1918; Cambridge, 1927.

Rajan, Tilottama, and Julia M. Wright, eds. Romanticism, History, and the Possibilities of Genre: Re-forming literature 1789-1837. Cambridge, 1998.

Read, Herbert. Phases of English Poetry. London, 1928.

Read, Herbert. The True Voice of Feeling: Studies in English Romantic Poetry. 1947; London, 1968.

Reed, James. The Border Ballads. London, 1973.

Renwick, Roger de V. English Folk Poetry: Structure and Meaning. London, 1980.

Reppert, James D. “William Macmath and F. J. Child”. PMLA 71 (1956): 510-20.

Richards, Bernard. English Poetry of the Victorian Period 1830-1890. London, 1988.

Richmond, W. Edson. Ballad Scholarship: An Annotated Bibliography. New York, 1989.

Rogers, William Elford. The Three Genres and the Interpretation of Lyric. Princeton, NJ, 1983.

Rollins, Hyder E. “An Analytical Index to the Ballad-Entries (1557-1709) in the Registers of the Company of Stationers of London”. Studies in Philology 21 (1924): 1-324.

Rollins, Hyder E. “The Black-Letter Broadside Ballad”. PMLA 34 (1919): 258-339.

Rosenthal, M. L. Poetry and the Common Life. Oxford, 1974.

Roy, G. Ross, ed. Studies in Scottish Literature. Columbia, SC, 1981.

Royle, Trevor. The Macmillan Companion to Scottish Literature. London, 1983.

Rudy, Jason R.  "On Cultural Neoformalism, Spasmodic Poetry, and the Victorian Ballad".  Victorian Poetry. 41: 4 (winter 2003): 590-96.

Rudy, Terry.  “Considering Rhetoric’s Wayward Child: Ballad Scholarship and Intradisciplinary Conflict”.  Journal of Folklore Research 35 (1998): 85-98.

Sambrook, James. The Eighteenth Century: The Intellectual and Cultural Context of English Literature, 1700-1789. London, 1986.

Sampson, George. The Concise Cambridge History of English Literature. 3rd ed. rev. by R. C. Churchill. Cambridge, 1970; rpt. with corrections 1972.

Scholes, Robert, and Robert Kellogg. The Nature of Narrative. Oxford, 1966.

(Scott, Sir Walter)-Montgomerie, William. “Sir Walter Scott as Ballad Editor”. The Review of English Studies. New Series 7: 26 (1956): 158-63.

Scully, James, ed. Modern Poetics. New York, 1965.

Sergeant, Philip W. Historic British Ghosts. 1936; Wakefield, Yorkshire, 1974.

Sharp, Cecil J. English Folk Song: Some Conclusions (with tunes). 1965; 4th ed. rev. by Maud Karpeles. Wakefield, Yorkshire, 1972.

Sherwin, Oscar. “Art's Spring-Birth: The Ballad of Iacob and Iosep”. Studies in Philology 42 (1945): 1-20.

Shields, Hugh. Narrative Singing in Ireland: Lays, Ballads, Come-All-Yes and Other Songs. Dublin, 1993.

Simpson, Claude M. The British Broadside Ballad and Its Music. New Brunswick, NJ, 1966.

Smith, Andrew. Gothic Radicalism: Literature, Philosophy and Psychoanalysis in the Nineteenth Century.London, 2000.

Spector, Robert D., comp. Backgrounds to Restoration and Eighteenth-Century English Literature: An Annotated Bibliographical Guide to Modern Scholarship. New York, 1989.

Steenstrup, Johannes C. H. R. The Medieval Popular Ballad. Tr. from the Danish by Edward Godfrey Cox. 1914; Seattle, 1968.

Stephen, Sir Leslie. English Literature and Society in the Eighteenth Century. London, 1904.

Stephen, Sir Leslie, and Sir Sidney Lee, eds. The Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford, 1973.

Stewart, Keith. “The Ballad and the Genres of the Eighteenth Century”. Journal of English Literary History 24 (1957): 120-37.

Stokoe, F. W. German Influence in the English Romantic Period 1788-1818: with Special Reference to Scott, Coleridge, Shelley and Byron. New York, 1963.

Sutherland, James. A Preface to Eighteenth Century Poetry. Oxford, 1948.

(Swinburne, A. C.)-Ehrenpreis, Anne Henry. “Swinburne’s Edition of Popular Ballads”. PMLA 78 (1963): 559-71.

(Swinburne, A. C.)-Hyder, Clyde K. “Swinburne and the Popular Ballad”. PMLA 49 (1934): 295-309.

(Swinburne, A. C.)-Rossetti, W. M. Swinburne’s Poems and Ballads: A Criticism. 1866; London, 1970.

Thompson, Stith, ed. Motif-Index of Folk-Literature. Rev. and enl. ed. 6 vols. Bloomington, 1955.

Thomson, Dereck S. The Companion to Gaelic Scotland. Oxford, 1983.

Trevelyan, G. M. English Social History. 1942; Harmondsworth, 1967.

Walker, Marshall. Scottish Literature since 1707. London, 1996.

Walker, William. Peter Buchan and Other Papers on Scottish and English Ballads and Songs. 1915; Norwood, PA, 1977.

Ward, A. W., and A. R. Waller, eds. Cambridge History of English Literature. Vol. 9. 1912; Cambridge, 1932.

Watson, J. R., ed. Pre-Romanticism in English Poetry of the Eighteenth Century. London, 1989.

Watson, Roderick. The Literature of Scotland. London, 1984.

Watt, Lauchlan MacLean, ed. The Scottish Ballads and Ballad Writing. 1923; London, 1969.

Wells, Evelyn Kendrick. The Ballad Tree: A Study of British and American Ballads, Their Folklore, Verse, and Music (together with sixty traditional ballads and their tunes). New York, 1950.

Welsh, Andrew. Roots of Lyric: Primitive Poetry and Modern Poetics. Princeton, NJ, 1978.

Wimberly, Lowry Charles. Folklore in the English and Scottish Ballads. Chicago, 1928.

Wittig, Kurt. The Scottish Tradition in Literature. Edinburgh, 1958.

Wolfson, Susan J. The Questioning Presence: Wordsworth, Keats, and the Interrogative Mode in Romantic Poetry. Ithaca, 1986.

Woodward, Sir Llewellyn. The Age of Reform 1815-1870. 2nd. ed. Oxford, 1962. Vol. 13 of The Oxford History of England.

(Wordsworth, William)-Brewster, Paul G. “The Influence of the Popular Ballad on Wordsworth’s Poetry”. Studies in Philology 35 (1938): 588-612.

(Wordsworth, William)-Jacobus, Mary. Tradition and Experiment in Wordsworth’s Lyrical Ballads (1798). Oxford, 1976.

(Wordsworth, William)-Jordan, John E. Why the Lyrical Ballads?: The Background, Writing, and Character of Wordsworth’s 1798 Lyrical Ballads. Berkeley, Los Angeles, 1976.

(Wordsworth, William)-Mayo, Robert. “The Contemporaneity of the Lyrical Ballads”. PMLA 69 (1954): 486-522.

(Wordsworth, William)-Parrish, Stephen Maxfield. The Art of the Lyrical Ballads. Cambridge, MA, 1973.

(Wordsworth, William)-Parrish, Stephen Maxfield. “Dramatic Technique in the Lyrical Ballads”. PMLA 74 (1959): 85-97.

(Wordsworth, William)-Parrish, Stephen Maxfield. “‘The Thorn’: Wordsworth’s Dramatic Monologue”. Journal of English Literary History 24 (1957): 153-63.

(Wordsworth, William)-Parrish, Stephen Maxfield. “The Wordsworth-Coleridge Controversy”. PMLA 73 (1958): 367-74.

(Wordsworth, William)-Sharrock, R. “Wordsworth’s Revolt against Literature”. Essays in Criticism 3 (1953): 396-412.

(Wordsworth, William)-Stork, Charles Wharton. “The Influence of the Popular Ballad on Wordsworth and Coleridge”. PMLA 29 (1914): 299-326.

Wu, Duncan. A Companion to Romanticism. Oxford, 1998.

Würzbach, Natascha, and Simone M. Salz. Motif Index of the Child Corpus: The English and Scottish Popular Ballad. Translated from the Original German Manuscript by Gayna Walls. Berlin & New York, 1995.

(Yeats, W. B.)-Meir, Colin. The Ballads and Songs of W. B. Yeats: The Anglo-Irish Heritage in Subject and Style. London, 1974.

Zillman, L. J. The Art and Craft of Poetry. 1966; New York, 1967.